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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“沙龙国际”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 Science in the News(科学新闻) 这一专题材主要对新近的科学技术新闻进行综述或摘要广播。向听众介绍世界各国在自然、医学、疾病、原子能、航天等方面的科研动态、成果、突破性进展及存在的困难。涉及当今世界人们普遍关心的重大问题,如核事故、航天飞机爆炸、自然灾害、环境污染和爱滋病等等。每逢星期二播出,每次播一到五条新闻摘要。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:杀虫剂严重危害蜜蜂、鸟类和蝴蝶生存2017-10-17
Studies have shown that the world’s honeybee population is decreasing. Researchers say a combination of chemicals and parasitic organisms are to blame. Now it turns out that the same chemicals are showing up in the world’s honey supply.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕[翻译]:首颗卫星发射60周年 俄罗斯太空计划面临困境2017-10-10
The Russian space program launched Sputnik, the first man-made satellite,60 years ago. But manufacturing problems and delays with its rockets has caused Russia to lose its 10-year lead in satellite launches.
VOA沙龙国际:飓风玛丽亚重创波多黎各巨型望远镜2017-10-03
Hurricane Maria caused deaths and billions of dollars of damage to Puerto Rico. The storm also threatens the island’s big radio telescope, a historic science instrument.
VOA沙龙国际:气候变化或影响英国松树生存2017-09-29
The bristlecone pine is the world’s oldest tree, living up to 5,000. But scientists at University of California, Davis found warming temperatures are causing these ancient trees to be crowded out of where they live.
VOA沙龙国际:美国研究人员研究宇航员长期太空飞行产生的问题2017-09-26
Six people spent eight months close to the Hawaiian volcano of Mauna Loa to see what a space flight to Mars would be like. The experiment is one of six American space agency-financed studies at the University of Hawaii center called HI-SEAS.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:致命疾病威胁美国蝙蝠种群2017-09-19
Researchers are studying how a fungus called white-nose syndrome is affecting nine species of bats in the Washington, D.C. area. The disease has already killed more than 6 million bats across North America.
VOA沙龙国际:研究人员发现“早产基因”2017-09-19
New research finds that six genes control the length of a pregnancy. Scientists say these genes are from the mother, and they may show whether or not a baby will be born early.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:新款无动力滑翔机创飞机高度记录2017-09-19
Powerless Aircraft Sets Altitude Record Two pilots recently set a new altitude world record for gliders. A glider is an aircraft that does not have an engine. They are pulled into th...
VOA沙龙国际:寻找解决世界水资源短缺的办法2017-09-13
More than 700 million people cannot easily get to clean and safe water. Reusing waste water, and removing salt from seawater are some ideas that may provide more drinking water.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕[翻译]:飓风是如何形成的?2017-09-10
Hurricanes Irma, Katia and Jose have all formed in the Atlantic during the height of hurricane season. Here is some information on how they form.
VOA沙龙国际:有机种植能帮助减缓气温上升吗?2017-09-05
Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gasses are raising Earths temperature. Ranchers and scientists in California are trying a new way to cut carbon in the air. They hope farming methods can bring put the gas into the earth-- and slow climate change.
VOA沙龙国际:气候变暖、海平面上升将导致更多洪水灾害2017-09-03
As Houston, Texas deals with severe flooding, scientists are warning that rising sea levels worldwide could put major areas of the world under water in coming decades.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:研究人员利用脑细胞延缓老鼠衰老2017-08-29
People have been wondering for ages-- is there a way to turn back the aging process in people? Researchers in New York say they have slowed aging in mice. Will this process also work on humans?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:研究:2016年乃有记录以来最热的一年2017-08-22
Last year, planet Earth was hotter than ever before. A report by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration says long-term global warming and an unusually strong El Nino weather pattern combined to make it a record hot year.
VOA沙龙国际:空间站收到SpaceX“快递” 包含冰淇淋和实验鼠等物资2017-08-18
What do a few live mice and some ice cream have in common? Both are part of a new shipment of supplies that arrived at the International Space Station Wednesday.
VOA沙龙国际:人类胚胎基因修复可以去除疾病2017-08-15
For the first time, scientists have successfully fixed a disease-carrying gene in human embryos by cutting out the bad gene. This was done by a research team in Oregon. It raises ethical and safety questions as to whether it is a good idea. Or not.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:科学家发现了奇怪的海虫化石2017-08-14
A 10-centimeter long sea worm fossil has scientists considering a new grouping of life forms that once swam in oceans.
VOA沙龙国际:重新设计生命形式的科学家2017-08-08
Scientists on four continents are working together to create synthetic yeast DNA. They say the possible uses are unlimited.
VOA沙龙国际:波士顿查尔斯河恢复清澈2017-08-01
Cities around the world are working to clean up their rivers. They want to make them places where people can swim and enjoy summer-time fun.
VOA沙龙国际:保护性耕作意味着健康的土壤和利润2017-07-25
Supporters of conservation agriculture say this way of thinking about farming brings more profits with less erosion. It helps farmers use less labor, less water and less chemicals, which helps the planet.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:科学家研发可生物降解微珠2017-07-18
Microbeads are very small pieces of plastic used for cleaning. But they are small they go past waste water treatment plants and end up in the oceans. Now researchers have developed new biodegradable microbeads, made from cellulose.
VOA沙龙国际:特制镜头捕捉到木星的大红斑2017-07-15
This week, scientists got their best close-up view of the Giant Red Spot on Jupiter. NASA's spacecraft Juno flew close over the Giant Red Spot and sent back images and data on the storm. It was first observed nearly 200 years ago, and is larger than o
VOA沙龙国际:科学家称南极巨大冰山断裂2017-07-14
A huge iceberg, seven times the size of New York City, broke off of Antarctica, scientists said Wednesday. The iceberg that broke away is 5,800-square-kilometers large. It is described as weighing 1 trillion tons. That is about the same volume as the grea
VOA沙龙国际:研究人员称一万年前猫已全球“游走”2017-07-11
Scientists say in a new study that cats have been spending time with humans for about 10,000 years. They think cats traveled by boat with humans because they could control rodents and other unwanted creatures on the boat.
VOA沙龙国际:全球第一艘无人驾驶货轮明年首航2017-07-04
Driverless technology keeps developing quickly as companies attempt to design and build the best autonomous vehicles. Now, this technology is also set to change the shipping industry, with several companies planning to launch self-sailing ships.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:史蒂芬霍金呼吁重返月球2017-07-02
Hawking said making the first moves into space would “elevate humanity” because it would involve many countries.
VOA沙龙国际:最糟糕的情况可能发生:路易斯安那州迅速下沉2017-06-28
The coast of the U.S. state of Louisiana has been losing land to water in the Gulf of Mexico for many years. It has been disappearing through a natural process called subsidence. Now a new study shows Louisiana is sinking faster than scientists thought.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:人体器官再生或成现实2017-06-27
Scientists met recently to discuss the future of regenerative medicine, which combines the human body’s ability for renewal with modern-day developments in biomedical engineering.
VOA沙龙国际:新型电子眼镜改善盲人视力2017-06-19
Special new electronic glasses, made by the company eSight, improve the vision of the legally blind by flooding their eyes with visual information.
VOA沙龙国际:开发机器人触觉2017-06-19
Robots can see well enough to drive a car. Computers can hear out voices and react to commands. Engineers are now developing robots with a sense of touch.
VOA沙龙国际:科学家发现治疗埃博拉病毒的方法2017-06-19
The deadly virus recently killed more than 11,000 people and infected nearly 29,000 in Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone.
VOA沙龙国际:新发现的古化石或改写人类历史2017-06-19
Scientists have found new evidence that Homo sapiens, or humans, have been around longer than we thought. Bones found at a site in Morocco are 300,000 years old. That is about 100,000 years older than any other known remains of our species.
VOA沙龙国际:美国多方表态拥护巴黎气候协议2017-06-19
After U.S. President Donald Trump withdrew the nation from the Paris climate change agreement, many states, cities and businesses say they will continue to meet the goals of the agreement.
VOA沙龙国际:科学家揭开蚊子飞行之谜2017-06-19
Researchers at Oxford University in Britain say mosquitoes move their wings in many different directions to fly. They say understanding this may help scientists find ways to prevent the insects from spreading disease.
VOA沙龙国际:摩洛哥发现“非洲”恐龙2017-06-19
The newly discovered fossil could help scientists better understand what kinds of dinosaurs lived in Africa 66 million years ago.
VOA沙龙国际:土星探测器卡西尼号完美完成历史使命2017-06-19
The unmanned spacecraft called Cassini is orbiting Saturn, taking many pictures and sending data to Earth. In September it will end its run by diving into Saturn. That will make it burn up and end its life.
VOA沙龙国际:美国科学家离开实验室去竞选公职2017-06-19
Last month scientists took to the streets to protest Trump science policies. Now some are working to get elected to political office.
VOA沙龙国际:“十亿分之一”的发现2017-05-23
The new species of dinosaur is being called a one-in-a-billion discovery. Called a nodosaur, it lived about 110 million years ago-- a large plant-eating dinosaur covered with sharp points walked the land. It is now the best example of its kind ever found.
VOA沙龙国际:人工子宫有望帮助早产儿渡难关2017-05-16
Every year, an estimated 15 million babies are born before they are fully developed. And, an estimated one million babies die each year from problems resulting from preterm birth. U.S. researchers may have developed technology that could save preterm babi
VOA沙龙国际:塑料食虫可以减少污染2017-05-09
Worms that eat plastic? Researchers said they discovered a kind of worm that eats plastic—and may be able to help reduce pollution. One bite at a time.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:如何让衣服远离难闻的气味2017-05-02
For years, manufacturers have been making exercise and travel clothes with different kinds of anti-odor technology. Some add chemicals or put small holes in the garments to allow the sweat and smell to escape. Others use threads or small pieces of silver
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:科学家研究减少大气中的二氧化碳2017-04-24
Scientists are studying how a natural geological process in the mountains of Oman can give clues for ways to clean carbon dioxide from the air.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:Facebook欲研发意念控制计算机技术2017-04-22
Facebook is developing a technology that it says will be able to transfer thoughts directly from the brain to a computer. The company’s goal is for users to be able to type at least 100 words per minute based on signals sent from their brains.
VOA沙龙国际:科学家已发现高等外星人存在的证据?2017-04-21
Ten years ago, scientists first observed fast radio bursts—very brief, and very powerful radio emissions from far away galaxies. Researchers are still trying to find what is causing them. A new theory says it might be alien life from very far away.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:超过一半的世界灵长类动物消失2017-04-21
Anthropologist Paul Garber says primates future are threatened. The University of Illinois scientist released a report on primates in January. He told VOA his research shows possibly 60 percent of primate species are now threatened with extinction and abo
VOA沙龙国际:科学家们抢救全球珊瑚礁2017-04-21
Coral reefs support a fourth of all ocean species, as well as half a billion people worldwide. Corals around the world are dying because of rising ocean water temperatures. Scientists say even if the world could stop global warming now, they expect more t
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕[翻译]:科学家利用细菌阻止携带疾病蚊子繁殖2017-04-21
A common bacteria called Wolbachia affects mosquitoes carrying two viral diseases -- Zika and Dengue. Researchers say it could also affect mosquitoes carrying the virus that causes malaria.
VOA沙龙国际:太空旅游和商业开发2017-04-21
Exploring space used to be a job for governments only. But now, businessmen are sending their money to space. SpaceX founder Elon Musk announced last week his company will send two people on a trip around the moon. Other companies are also working hard to
VOA沙龙国际:加州研究发现月球已45.1亿岁2017-04-21
As long as people have been walking Earth, they have been looking up at the moon. Many wonder how did that moon get there, and long has it been circling our planet? Scientists say they have a better idea of its age after studying a moon rock and soil coll
VOA沙龙国际:你的衣服造成污染吗?2017-04-21
Very small fibers from clothes and fabrics are polluting rivers and oceans. They are found all over in the world—in fish and even in table salt. Scientists say this important problem needs more studies to know how much damage the microfibers are causing--
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