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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“沙龙国际”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:俄罗斯著名记者波利特科夫斯卡娅被枪杀案仍悬而未决2017-10-16
It's been eleven years since renowned Russian journalist Anna Politkovskaya was shot and killed in the elevator of her apartment building in Moscow after she exposed human rights abuses in Chechnya and corruption in the Kremlin.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国通缉真主党恐怖分子首领2017-10-16
Countering Hezbollah is a top priority for the United States. In a recent briefing, Ambassador-at-Large and Coordinator for Counterterrorism Nathan Sales announced rewards for two senior Hezbollah leaders under the State Department's Rewards for Justice
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:解放伊拉克哈威亚镇2017-10-13
On October 4th, the Iraqi Security Forces supported by the U.S.-led Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS, liberated the town of Hawija and over 150 surrounding villages from ISIS, along with as many as 85,000 civilians who had been trapped there.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国援助罗兴亚人2017-10-12
The Rohingya are a Muslim minority population in Burma's Rakhine State. However, the Burmese government claims they are illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and has made the Rohingya the world's largest stateless population.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:北朝鲜集中营2017-10-12
While North Korea continues to threaten its neighbors and the world with missile tests, the regime of Kim Jong Un continues to exploit and repress its own people through a vast prison camp system.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国将继续接受和照顾难民2017-10-12
The United States will continue its long tradition of welcoming and caring for refugees. During fiscal year 2018, the U.S. government has proposed admitting up to 45,000 refugees: from Africa, 19,000; East Asia, 5000; Europe and Central Asia, 2000; Latin
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:扩大美国与非洲的伙伴关系2017-10-07
President Donald Trump addressed a group of African leaders during his trip to New York. He told them, We hope to extend our economic partnerships with countries [that] are committed to self-reliance and to fostering opportunities for job creation in both
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国国际开发署就人道主义救援工作表示关注2017-10-07
2017 has been marked by one humanitarian crisis or natural disaster after another.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国国防部长马蒂斯访问阿富汗2017-10-07
Defense Secretary Jim Mattis expressed U.S. support for Afghanistan on his recent visit there. He noted that instability in South Asia. . .and the extremism that it cultivates endangers all nations as well as the people of Afghanistan.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:支持加沙与约旦河西岸的统一2017-10-07
In late September, the government of Gaza, Hamas, announced its agreement to dissolve its governing body and allow the Palestinian Authority to assume its full responsibilities there. Hamas has also agreed to talks with the rival Fatah movement and agreed
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:打击虚假信息2017-10-01
Disinformation is as old as the human race, and has been used as a weapon since time immemorial. With the advent of the digital age came the capability to rapidly disseminate information—and disinformation--across the globe.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:彭斯呼吁联合国人权理事会改革2017-10-01
Under President Trump, the United States of America is firmly committed to the cause of human rights -- because we are committed to keeping the peace, U.S. Vice President Mike Pence recently told the U.N. Security Council. Vice President Pence's words hi
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:联合国维和行动改革2017-09-30
Continuing a message of reform at the UN General Assembly's high-level week, U.S. Vice President Mike Pence lauded the UN Security Council's unanimous adoption of Resolution 2378 calling for improvements to UN peacekeeping operations.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:利比里亚过去10年飞速发展2017-09-29
Liberia has come a long way since the end of its second civil war in 2003. Since then, the economy grew by more than 7 percent per year, per capita income rose by nearly nine-fold, and life expectancy went from 53 to 61 years.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:特朗普发布新旅行限制令2017-09-29
President Donald Trump issued new travel restrictions on nationals of North Korea, Venezuela and Chad, while continuing to restrict the travel of citizens from five of the six countries included in Executive Order 13780.The new restrictions will take effe
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:Thulsie双胞胎兄弟成恐怖主义新旗帜2017-09-28
The State Department has designated Tony-Lee Thulsie and Brandon-Lee Thulsie as Specially Designated Global Terrorists for their ties to ISIS.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:联合国新的一天2017-09-26
U.S. President Donald Trump and U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations Ambassador Nikki Haley joined leaders of 127 other United Nations member states in supporting reform of the international body in a recent U.S.- hosted event.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:联合国成功取决于强大的独立国家联盟2017-09-26
In his September 19 address to the UN General Assembly, President Donald Trump stressed the United Nations' success depends on a coalition of strong and independent nations that embrace their sovereignty to promote security, prosperity, and peace for the
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国帮助北三角国家改善生存环境2017-09-25
Gang violence, corruption, and economic desperation have for years been driving thousands of migrants from the Northern Triangle countries of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras to seek safety and opportunity in other countries, particularly the United St
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:需要团结一致打击ISIS2017-09-25
Working with their partners in the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS, Iraq's security forces have made significant progress in the mission to liberate all of the territory ISIS once held in Iraq.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:联合国延长驻黎巴嫩安全部队任务期限2017-09-21
Recently the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2373, which extends the mandate of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, known as UNIFIL, for another year.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国与科威特战略对话2017-09-20
The U.S. and Kuwait have agreed to a number of initiatives that will deepen the ties between the two nations through a process known as the Strategic Dialogue.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国为埃塞俄比亚提供更多人道主义援助2017-09-20
Ethiopia's eastern lowlands bordering Somalia are suffering through a severe drought. The rainy season was late and not enough, causing devastating losses among local livestock herds. Coming on the heels of two previous dry years in Ethiopia, the drought
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国制裁男苏丹官员和公司2017-09-16
The U.S. Department of the Treasury announced targeted sanctions on two South Sudanese government officials and one former official for their roles in threatening the peace, security, or stability of South Sudan. Three companies that are owned or controll
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:关于阿萨德使用化学武器的报告2017-09-14
The United Nations reports that despite reduced violence in some areas of Syria, unspeakable crimes against civilians have continued, including the use of chemical weapons against the Syrian people by the Assad regime.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:南苏丹是援助工作者最危险的国家2017-09-13
The people of South Sudan are experiencing the world's worst food security crisis, one caused not by drought or flood, but by man-made conflict: a power struggle between President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Riek Machar that spiraled into a civi
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:伊朗宗教精神领袖被判处死刑2017-09-10
The Iranian government's brutal intolerance of religious freedom continues.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:训练维和部队执行更复杂任务2017-09-10
For over 60 years, UN peacekeeping missions have operated in some of the most dangerous and difficult environments in the world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:帮助老挝清除未爆弹药2017-09-09
Between 1964 and 1973, in an effort to prevent the movement of supplies, armaments and North Vietnamese fighters across neighboring territories and into Vietnam, the U.S. Air Force dropped over 270 million cluster bombs on Vietnam's western neighbor, Lao
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:协助黎巴嫩排雷2017-09-08
Lebanon has the highest proportion of cultivable land in the Arab world. Indeed, the region has a long history of agricultural activity. There is evidence that as far back as 8,000 years ago, people living in today's Lebanon cultivated fruit trees, and a
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:阿塞拜疆关闭独立媒体2017-09-08
Azerbaijani authorities have arrested Mehman Aliyev, editor-in-chief of Turan Information Agency, and sentenced him to three months of pre-trial detention pending trial on charges of tax-evasion and abuse-of-power.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:伊朗的监狱状况堪忧2017-09-07
Imprisonment for peaceful political activity, religious belief, or for defending a fellow citizen's rights is a horror and a travesty.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:阿富汗政府启动打击腐败和改善治安行动2017-09-03
President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani has launched the Afghan government's new compact - a commitment to key reforms aimed at improving security and creating a more peaceful, stable, and prosperous society.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:帮助战乱地区妇女儿童渡过难关2017-09-02
The 2017 USAID Acting on Call Report estimates that by working with partners U.S. aid can save the lives of 5.6 million children and 260,000 women worldwide through the year 2020 by focusing on improving health systems that will deliver essential, quality
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:朝鲜继续试射导弹挑衅美日2017-09-01
North Korea has again fired a ballistic missile – this time over Japan's Hokkaido island into the sea, after a flight of nearly 1,700 miles.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:也门正处于罕见的人道主义危机2017-08-31
Yemen is in the midst of a humanitarian crisis of rare proportions. According to the United Nations, around 17 million people go hungry more often than not, and 21 million are in need of humanitarian aid. Around 2 million Yemeni children are acutely malno
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:城市网络有助打击暴击极端主义2017-08-29
The U.S. Department of State, later joined in this effort by the Governments of Denmark and Norway, launched the Strong Cities Network, or SCN, in September 2015.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:班加西杀人事件正调查中2017-08-25
The governments of France, the United Kingdom, and the United States welcome the recent announcement by the Libya National Army, or LNA, that it will investigate reports of unlawful killings in Benghazi.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国与智力建立战略伙伴关系2017-08-25
During his recent visit to Santiago, Vice President Mike Pence spoke warmly of the strategic partnership and valued friendship between the United States and Chile.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国谴责西班牙恐怖袭击事件2017-08-24
Terrorists have struck again. This time in several cities in Spain. First in Barcelona, a van driven by a terrorist rammed his vehicle into crowds of people, many of them tourists, on a major tree-lined pedestrian mall, killing thirteen and wounding more
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:攻击叙利亚的ISIS残部2017-08-24
ISIS has lost about 78 percent of the territory it once held in Iraq, and its Iraqi capital of Mosul was liberated on July 10. Now, its false Syrian caliphate, Raqqa, is being liberated.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:联合国称非洲之角约2000万人处于饥荒边缘2017-08-23
Some 20 million people in Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and north-east Nigeria are on the brink of famine or are already experiencing it, said the United Nations Security Council. Natural disaster is a contributing factor, but much of the problem is man-mad
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国国务卿:美泰关系乃历史性的2017-08-22
The U.S.-Thailand relationship is historic, said U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson on a recent visit. We have been treaty partners for over 184 years, and we've been allies for over 60, and we want to continue to grow that relationship.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:避免埃塞俄比亚和肯尼亚出现饥荒2017-08-22
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network, or FEWS NET, a U.S. government-funded provider of information and analysis on food insecurity, is signaling that the hunger and nutrition situation in southeastern Ethiopia is deteriorating, with numerous househol
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:叙利亚知名权利活动家死亡2017-08-19
It seems that President Bashar al-Assad's voracious prison network has swallowed and silenced another individual whose peaceful views were an affront to the Syrian regime.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:俄罗斯再因格鲁吉亚问题被谴责2017-08-19
It's been 9 years since Russia recognized the Georgian territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states, after Russia waged a brief but deadly war with Georgia in 2008. Hundreds died and more than 190,000 people were displaced in the 5-day
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:东盟应对朝鲜导弹威胁2017-08-18
The Foreign Ministers of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, reiterated their grave concerns over the escalation of tensions in the Korean Peninsula, including the most recent testing by North Korea of intercontinental ballistic missiles
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:南苏丹交战各方必须遵守停火协议2017-08-17
For much of its brief existence, South Sudan has been has been mired in a civil war, a conflict that has killed tens of thousands of people and forced some 4 million to flee their homes, creating Africa's worst refugee crisis since the 1994 Rwandan genoc
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:加快打击ISIS的行动2017-08-14
The campaign against ISIS has dramatically accelerated over the past six months. Since 2014, when ISIS was at the height of its power, the group has lost about 78 percent of the territory it used to hold in Iraq, and about 58 percent of the territory it u
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:巴尔干半岛的历史性时刻2017-08-14
Virtually every state in the Western Balkans has recently held free and fair national elections, with the participation of all political parties, and with results that reflected the will of the people. This is a historic accomplishment, said Vice Presiden
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